The whole project is being delivered collaboratively.
Conflict: Saferworld has developed an Integrated Conflict Prevention and Resilience (ICPR) approach for resilience in fragile settings as an add on to existing resilience tools such as the Participatory Vulnerability Capacity Assessment (PVCA) rolling it out in Kenya, Honduras, Pakistan and Myanmar.
Partners in focus countries have conducted a conflict analysis at macro and local level which has informed the PVCA to develop action plans to address both natural and conflict risks.
Humanitarian response: King College London has developed a robust research methodology to review 6 consortium members past humanitarian responses in a wide range of contexts to identify what actions and approaches can be used to strengthen and not undermine community resilience from a practical perspective.
Learning: a Learning Framework and an Action Learning Research approach were developed to capture learning and feed back on project implementation. The project has regularly shared learning with consortium members, gathered their inputs and improved programming.
Conflict strand: communities have identified community-led actions that addresses the interconnections between conflict and natural hazards to help reduce their vulnerabilities. For example, conflict can be exacerbated by drought so by addressing this relationship we can help prevent violence and build long-term resilience.
In Kenya, the project established peace committees, which during the ongoing drought the two traditionally conflicting tribes, managed the resources for grazing and the delivery of relief without any escalation of violence. This is the first time this has happened. On the other hand, in neighbouring counties there has been significant violence. The delivery of relief has been coordinated by the county using the ICPR conflict analysis as a framework.
In Pakistan, women identified actions such as water points to improve their health and street lights to improve their safety, in particular guide them when evacuating from floods at night.
Humanitarian strand: research led by Kings College London was conducted in 7 countries. The study asked 327 crises survivors and first responders (both local partners and field staff) to draw upon their own experience and expertise to strengthen response to humanitarian crises.
Evidence from this research identified 6 common principles for better humanitarian response that enables and does not undermine long-term community resilience.
Read the research study
The core principles are:
- Allow and enable the community to co-run the response
- Coordinate Interventions and work with the government
- Support community cohesion and establish effective two-way communication between crises survivors and implementing organisations
- Address underlying causes of vulnerability: protect and prepare
- Psycho social support and mental health
- Income generation, cash and savings
The findings of this research have been presented at: a DFID technical session, Kings College, the Science and Technology Advisory Group Workshop, the Start Network Members day and will be presented at the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.